Dan. 9:20-27

In our last lesson, we considered God’s plan for the nation Israel.

We saw that the Lord God made a definite promise to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob involving a land, a nation, a personal blessing, a name, and a worldwide blessing.

Later, the Lord, not only confirmed His promise to David concerning the land and the blessing, but also promised him an eternal kingdom. II Sam. 7:8-16.

These promises will have their final and complete fulfillment in the eternal reign of Christ as King of kings and Lord of lords. Lk. 1:30-33.

The Lord’s coming is prophesied in Rev. 1:5-8; 19:11-16.

This prophecy of Daniel is the most amazing prophecy in the Bible. It is one of the greatest evidences of the divine authorship of Scripture.

This prophecy in Daniel 9:24-27 stretches from Daniel’s day to the time when the Messiah comes and does away with sin through atonement, and then establishes a Kingdom of everlasting righteousness.

Let’s look at God’s schedule concerning the Jewish nation from which the promised King shall come.


A. The angel Gabriel came to Daniel with a prophetic message concerning Israel and the city of Jerusalem. vv. 20-23.

B. This prophecy dealt with a period of time described as “seventy weeks.”

1. These “seventy weeks” are understood to be “weeks of years,” or seven year periods.

2. An example of this is seen in the account when Jacob worked seven years to gain the wife he wanted…Gen. 29:27.

- The Scripture says that he completed the “week.”

C. Israel’s future is seen in the unfolding of these “sevens.”

1. Daniel was praying about Israel’s immediate restoration to the land.

2. God told him of an ultimate restoration and gave a glimpse of the chronological order.

D. Let’s consider a summary of the highlights of this prophecy.

1. FIRST, the entire prophecy has to do with Daniel’s people and city.

a. The people are the nation of Israel.

b. And the city is Jerusalem.

2. SECOND, there are two different princes mentioned.

a. Messiah the Prince (v. 25):

b. And the prince that shall come (v. 26).

c. “Messiah the Prince” is Christ, and “the prince that shall come” is the Antichrist, also spoken of as the Beast.

3. THIRD, the entire time period involved is specified as “seventy weeks.”

a. This time period is divided into three sections of seven weeks, sixty-two weeks, and one week respectively.

b. The time period begins at “the going forth of the commandment to restore and build Jerusalem(v. 25).

c. This time period ends when Messiah the Prince returns following the Antichrist’s one-week reign.


A. God has a PLAN for Israel.

“Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city(v. 24a).

1. The word “determined” tells us that God has a plan for Israel.

2. God charts the course of history, and has set aside a segment of time in which He will deal specifically with His people.

B. Six things are mentioned in regard to God’s PURPOSE for Israel. v. 24.


a. This has to do with Israel’s state of apostasy.

b. This includes the Jewish nation’s rejection of the Messiah.

c. There’s coming a day when the Messiah will rule with a “rod of iron,” and all evil will be under divine control. Ps. 2:6-9.


a. The problem of Israel’s sin would be taken care of.  

b. This would be accomplished in two ways:

(1) By Christ’s death on the cross to atone for sin,

(2) And by severely punishing Israel for their sin and opening their eyes to the reality of Christ as their Messiah.

c. By the end of the seventy-week period of history, God will have dealt with, not only the sin of His people, but with the sin of the whole world.


a. God would provide a means of reconciliation for His people.

b. This has reference to the crucifixion of the Lord Jesus Christ.

c. The cross of Christ is the only place where reconciliation was fully made.

·         In the first three purposes of the seventy weeks we see a picture of how sin has been paid for and forgiven at the cross.


a. During this time, God will have completed all that is necessary to bring in everlasting righteousness to Israel.

b. There is a time coming when Israel will be converted as a nation. Zech. 12:10; Rom. 11:26.

- This time has not yet come.


a. God would complete His prophetic program for Israel at this time.

b. He would authenticate and vindicate what He had spoken by the mouth of His holy prophets down through time.

c. A time is coming when the Messiah will put an end to sin and bring in the Kingdom of everlasting righteousness.

d. At that time there will no longer be any need for special revelations.


a. This has reference to the Lord Jesus Christ being anointed as Lord of lords and King of kings.

b. At this time our Lord will bring in everlasting righteousness for His own.

- These six things would be fulfilled during the period of time described.

- These have reference primarily to Israel and God’s dealing with them as a nation.


A. The first “seven weeks” began with the decree to rebuild Jerusalem. v. 25.

1. This work was begun during the reign of King Artaxerxes. Neh. 2:1-8.

2. It took 49 years (seven weeks of years) to complete this work.

B. The “threescore and two weeks” (62 weeks) refer to the period of time from the completion of the temple to the time the Jews rejected their own Messiah. v. 26.

1. After the 69 weeks ended with the triumphal entry into Jerusalem, Christ was crucified.

2. This historical event occurred after the sixty-ninth week and prior to the seventieth week that is mention in verse 27.

3. There is a gap between the sixty-ninth and seventieth week.

4. After Jesus rode into Jerusalem as Messiah the Prince, He was executed as a common criminal.

a. It was clearly stated in the Old Testament that Jesus would die.

b. Psalm 22 speaks of His crucifixion.

c. Isaiah chapter 53 describes Him as a sheep led to slaughter.

5. Daniel prophesied that after the Messiah was killed, there would be desolation in the land.

a. Less than forty years after Christ’s death—in A.D. 70—the Romans under Titus destroyed Jerusalem.

b. This destruction was so severe that it was like a flood.

6. From the time of Christ’s death, the Lord has turned from the Jew to the Gentile, so the last week is yet to be fulfilled.

7. We are now in the “church age” which was not spoken of in Daniel’s prophecy.

8. Paul speaks of this time as a “mystery.”

9. In 1948, Israel once again became a nation with its own government.

- I believe that this is in preparation to the events that are mentioned in v. 27.

C. The last week represents the seven years of Tribulation. v. 27.

1. The Antichrist, the leader of the revived Roman Empire, will make a treaty with Israel for seven years.

a. Even today they are looking for someone that can lead them to victory.

b. Antichrist will come as a hero promising them victory over their enemies.

c. He will possibly even promise to assist Israel in the restoration of the Temple.

d. This first three and one half years is called the Tribulation.

2. In the middle of that seven-year period, Antichrist will break his covenant with Israel.

a. This begins what is known as the Great Tribulation.

b. Antichrist will turn the Temple into desolation.

c. He will set himself up as the only deity for the last three and one half years.

d. At the end of this three and one half-year period, Christ will come and bring in everlasting righteousness. Rev. 19:11-20:6.


·         God still has a place for His people. Rom. 11:1-2.

·         He will keep His promise regarding the Jews.