THE ATTRIBUTES OF GOD
The fact that GOD IS is the foundation to all worship of God. It is only when we have faith in God that we can please Him (Heb. 11:6).
Last week we considered the existence of God. Today, we want to look at the attributes of God.
THE ATTRIBUTES OF GOD are those distinguishing characteristics of Divine nature in which God reveals Himself to us.
I. THE NATURAL ATTRIBUTES
- These involve God’s relations with Himself.
A. God is LIFE.
1. The Scriptures represent God as the “living God.”
a. God has life in Himself (Jn. ).
b. Our God is the “true and living God”(I Thess. 1:9).
c. Life refers to His activity of thought, feeling, and will.
2. God is the Source of all life both physical and spiritual.
B. God is SPIRIT (Jn. ).
1. God is an immaterial being, not having a body and soul.
a. He is not matter.
b. He is not dependent upon matter.
2. God is not visible to the physical eye.
a. He has revealed His power and glory through His creation (Rom. ).
b. He is our “invisible” King (I Tim. ).
3. God is an Infinite Spirit.
- All spirits, such as angels, were created, but God is an eternal Spirit—He was never created.
4. God is an immense Spirit.
- He is in all places at once.
C. God is SELF-EXISTENT.
1. The causes of God’s existence are in Himself.
2. He is entirely independent and apart from His creation.
3. “He hath life in Himself”(Jn. ).
D. God is ETERNAL.
1. God is without beginning or end (Rev. 1:8; )
2. The LORD is “the everlasting God” (Gen. 21:33).
- He is from everlasting to everlasting.
3. He is the eternal “I AM” (Ex. ).
- God dwells in the present tense.
E. God is IMMUTABLE (Malachi. 3:6)
1. God will never change.
“Jesus Christ is the same yesterday, and today, and forever”(Heb. 13:8).
2. He is perfect and cannot change for better or for worse.
3. Those who have trusted in Christ as Lord and Savior are eternally secure, because of God’s promise of salvation (Jn. ).
- God loves His children with an everlasting love.
F. God is OMNIPRESENT.
1. God is everywhere present (Ps. 139:7-12).
2. This is a comfort to the believer.
3. This is a warning to the unbeliever—he cannot escape God.
G. God is OMNIPOTENT.
1. He is all-powerful and able to do anything He wills to do.
2. He is the “Almighty,” the cause and end of all things (Isa. 44:6; Rev. 1:8).
3. God is going to reign over all the earth in the Person of Christ (Rev. 19:6).
H. God is OMNISCIENT.
1. He is all-knowing, infinitely wise, reading the very hearts of men (Heb. ).
2. There is nothing hidden from the Lord.
3. He knows the end from the beginning.
II. THE MORAL ATTRIBUTES
- These are closely connected to our human condition and need.
A. God is HOLY.
1. He is perfectly pure, sinless and righteous in Himself.
a. Isaiah saw the Lord in His glorious holiness (Isa. 6:1-3).
b. Jesus prays to His Father who is perfect in nature (Jn. ).
2. The holiness of God demands perfect righteousness.
a. God is righteous in all His purposes and promises (Jn. ).
b. Christ is the author of everlasting righteousness, which is imputed by God, revealed in the gospel, and received by faith (I Jn. ).
B. God is JUST.
1. Justice is the rewarding or punishing of that which comes up to or falls short of God’s righteousness.
2. It was the justice of God that made it necessary for Christ to die in order that sinners might be saved (Rom. -26).
a. The justice of God makes it impossible for God to let sin go unpunished.
b. The death of Christ made it possible for Him to be just and yet the justifier of believing sinners.
c. The salvation of believers is an act of grace toward them; yet it is an act of justice to Jesus Christ who died in the stead of all who will ever believe (II Cor. ).
3. Because God is holy and man is sinful, there is a place called HELL.
a. God hates sin and cannot look upon it.
b. Justice demands the penalty for sin which is DEATH (Rom. ).
c. All who reject Jesus Christ as their Lord and Savior are condemned, and are dwelling under God’s wrath (Jn. , 36).
C. God is LOVE.
1. It is in love that God bestows natural benefits upon all men (Mt. -45).
2. God also has a special love for those He has redeemed (I Jn. ).
D. God is MERCIFUL.
1. Love results in mercy.
2. Mercy is that adorable perfection in God by which He pities and relieves the miserable.
3. The mercy of God is demonstrated in the gift of His Son to die
for sinners (
4. It was mercy that sent Christ to redeem us from the curse of the law.
5. Every sinner who believes on the Lord Jesus Christ will find mercy with God (Jn. ).
E. God is GRACIOUS.
1. After mercy comes grace.
2. Grace is God’s unmerited favor given to those who merit wrath (Eph. 2:1-5, 8-9).
It was at the cross where holiness and love kissed. There Christ bore the sins of His elect, paying the debt justice demanded and satisfying the holiness of God.
This was done in love, making it possible for God to be just in extending mercy and grace to sinful man (Rom. -26).
We are made righteous in Jesus Christ (II Cor. ).
III. HOW CAN WE KNOW GOD?
A. God has revealed Himself in His Word.
1. It is only through receiving the Word of God that a person can come to know Christ as his Lord and Savior (Rom. -15, 17).
2. The Bible tells us how we can know God personally (I Cor. , 21).
3. God has revealed these precious truths to us by His Spirit (I Cor. 2:9-10).
B. God has revealed Himself in the Person of Jesus Christ (Jn. , 18).
1. The Son of God became incarnate to reveal God to man (Jn. 14:9).
2. Our Lord went to the cross to bring man back to God. (Jn. 14:6; I Pet. 3:18).
· Christ died to save you from your sin.
· Have you trusted Him?